Hormones are substances that are excreted by endocrine glands and neuroendocrine cells directly into the bloodstream, by which they are able to go to the furthest places in the body. Even the small imbalances in hormone secretion or action, may have serious health effects.
In order to understand the effect of hormones and their essence, firstly we have to start from the pineal gland in the central part of the brain that secretes melatonin that is often associated with sleeping. Today it has been proven that melatonin also plays a role in mood, behavior, reproduction, and appetite control, as well as body weight.
Further, if we go downhill, we arrive to the hypothalamus, a part of the midbrain, the central computer of the endocrine system, which creates hormones and stimulant and inhibitory factors that control the gland operation that is lighter than 1g. It’s located just below the hypothalamus – the queen of glands, hypophysis.
Because of its important role, there is no more protected organ than the hypophysis, located in the pit of the sphenoid bone, known as the Turkish saddle. Hypophysis creates hormones that control the thyroid gland, adrenal gland, mammary gland, ovary and testes, and with the help of hypothalamus balances the excretion or retention of salt in the body.
As we grow old, our endocrine glands age as well. Therefore it is very important to compensate hormones in order for the organism to function properly. It should be kept in mind that compensation is achieved from the highest to the lower structures.