The procedure involves the extraction of adipose tissue from an area where there are sufficient amounts of the tissue or from the areas where there is an abundance of the tissue, such as the abdomen or inner thighs. This is done under local anesthesia with anesthesiologist’s support. Depending on the target of an individual patient, the obtained lopoaspirate is then processed by centrifuging, filtering, or rinsing and then applied to deficient areas. Over time, adipose cells gradually adapt and complete adipose tissue is formed.
The tissue used in lipofilling is natural and comes with existing blood cells, giving an obvious advantage over artificial materials used in contour plastic. Apart from the effect on volume, lipofilling injections have a positive local trophic effect in tissue (feeding the tissue) and they also contribute to the formation of a new microvascular (blood vessel) network. On top of that, they also have beneficial effects on the skin and scar tissue and help prevent the appearance of severe scars.
The regenerative effects (stimulation of healing, enhancement of microcirculation, scar healing) of fat tissue are the result of multipotent mesenchymal stem cells, as well as progenitor cells. These cells regulate both natural mechanisms of self-repair and reparative processes related to the damaged tissue.