To define plasmapheresis in a simple way, we could say that it is a blood filtering treatment. However, plasmapheresis is a term used to refer to a wide range of procedures in which an extracorporeal separation of blood components results in a filtered plasma product.
Plasmapheresis is a process in which the liquid in the blood, or plasma, is separated from the cells. Plasma can contain antibodies that attack the immune system. In the process, only healthy components of the blood which are smaller can go through device membranes/filters while the immune complexes that actually cause the inflammation are being removed from the blood stream and replaced with good plasma, or plasma substitute. This is also known as plasma exchange.
Plasmapheresis procedure or extracorporeal detoxification method is one of the most effective modern methods of detoxification. It is most commonly applied in drug detoxification and the reduction of abstinence syndrome. The essence of the method lies in the fact that the patient’s blood is passed through a special membrane of the plasmapheresis machine that works as a filter for poisonous toxins, drugs, and damaged cells. The effectiveness of this method is conditioned by its detoxifying, immunomodulating and anti-inflammatory properties. Plasmapheresis is widely used at the initial stage of a complex therapy. It enhances the efficiency of a continued treatment and regenerates the patient’s organism. It is prescribed only after a consultation with a doctor.